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Deepawali, also known as Diwali, the grandest Hindu festival, is quickly approaching, necessitating extensive preparations. It coincides with the darkest night of the Hindu lunar calendar, falling on the 15th day of the Kartik month. On Sunday, November 12, the festival of lights will be celebrated across India with zeal and grandeur. Diwali represents the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil. It commemorates Lord Ram, Mata Sita, and his brother Lakshman’s return to Ayodhya after a 14-year exile and their victory over Ravana, the ruler of Lanka.

The festival spanning five days marks a jubilant celebration of light, prosperity, and cultural significance in India. The sequence includes Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdashi (Choti Diwali), Diwali (the primary event), Govardhan Puja, and Bhai Dooj. Each day carries its unique rituals and traditions, underscoring unity, love, and the triumph of light over darkness. It’s a moment for families to unite, exchange gifts, illuminate lamps, and fortify their bonds. From essential dates to the auspicious timings (shubh muhurat), here’s a comprehensive guide to enlighten you about the festivities across these five days.

Day 1: Dhanteras or Dhan Trayodashi (November 10th)

Dhanteras inaugurates the Diwali celebrations. On this day, individuals honor Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera while investing in new items to invite wealth and prosperity into their lives. As per Drik Panchang, the Dhanteras puja muhurat on November 10 will commence at 5:47 PM and conclude at 7:43 PM, lasting for a duration of 1 hour and 56 minutes.

Day 2: Choti Diwali, also recognized as Narak Chaturdashi (November 11th)

The second day celebrates Choti Diwali or Narak Chaturdashi, commemorating Lord Krishna’s victory over the demon Narakasura. The Abhyang Snan Muhurat begins at 05:28 AM on November 11th and concludes at 06:41 AM on November 12th. During Pradosh Kaal, which starts at 05:29 PM and ends at 08:07 PM, people perform Deepdan.

Day 3: Diwali (November 12th)

The third day marks the primary Diwali celebration, observed with tremendous fervor. It’s a day when homes are adorned with earthen lamps (diyas), vibrant rangoli, and illuminations. Traditionally, Lakshmi Puja takes place in the evening within the auspicious Pradosh Kaal, starting from 05:46 PM to 08:22 PM according to Drik Panchang.

Day 4: Govardhan Puja (November 13th)

The day following Diwali, devotees observe Govardhan Puja, dedicating it to the reverence of Lord Krishna.. This day signifies Lord Krishna’s act of lifting the “Govardhan” mountain, rescuing the people of Mathura from Lord Indra’s wrath. According to Drik Panchang, the Govardhan Puja muhurat commences from 06:46 AM and concludes at 08:58 AM.

Day 5: Bhai Dooj (November 14th)

The final day, also recognized as Bhau Beej, Bhai Dooj, or Bhaiya Dooj, is dedicated to honoring the unique bond between brothers and sisters. According to Drik Panchang, the auspicious Bhai Dooj Aparahna Time commences at 01:10 PM on Tuesday, November 14 and concludes at 03:19 PM, lasting for two hours and nine minutes. Additionally, the Dwitiya Tithi starts on November 14 at 02:36 PM and ends on November 15 at 01:47 PM.

In conclusion, the five-day extravaganza of Diwali brings together a vibrant tapestry of customs, rituals, and joyous celebrations. It signifies the triumph of light over darkness, goodness over evil, and the unity of families and communities. Each day, from the invocation of wealth on Dhanteras to the heartfelt bond between siblings on Bhai Dooj, holds its own significance and rituals. The fervor, the lights, the prayers, and the jubilant festivities during this auspicious period not only illuminate homes but also illuminate hearts with hope, prosperity, and the warmth of togetherness. As the colorful displays of diyas light up the night skies, Diwali continues to embody the spirit of renewal, gratitude, and the promise of a brighter, more harmonious future for all. May the essence of Diwali resonate in our lives, spreading joy, peace, and prosperity throughout the year.

By Anup Tiwari

Complete Graduation From Calcutta University. Blogging since last 7 Years on multiple platforms.

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